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Document Number: THE KERALA CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND
Authority Name: GOK
Relevant Section: THE KERALA CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND ACT, 2008
Document Date: Nil
61208-Wet Land Act 2008.pdf

THE KERALA CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND ACT, 2008-Published

THE KERALA CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND ACT, 2008-Published

THE KERALA CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND ACT, 2008 (Act 28 of 2008) Amended by Act 14 of 2011 An Act to conserve the paddy land and wetland and to restrict the conversion or reclamation thereof, in order to promote growth in the agricultural sector and to sustain the ecological system, in the State of Kerala Preamble.- WHEREAS, it has come to the notice of the Government that indiscriminate and uncontrolled reclamation and massive conversion of paddy land and wetland are taking place in the State; AND WHEREAS, there is no existing law to restrict effectively, the conversion or reclamation of paddy land: AND WHEREAS, the Government are satisfied that it is expedient, in public interest, to provide for the conservation of paddy land and wetland and to restrict the conversion) or reclamation thereof, in order to promote agricultural growth, to ensure food security and to sustain the ecological system in the State of Kerala; Be it enacted in the Fifty-ninth Year of the Republic of India as follows: 1. Short title and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Kerala Conservation of Paddy Land and Wetland Act. 2008. (2) It extends to the whole of the State of Kerala. (3) It shall come into force at once. Received the assent of the Governor on 11/08/2008. Published under Notification No. 19661/Leg A1/2007 Law dt. 12/08/2008, in K. G. Ext. No. 1790 dt. 12/08/2008 (w.e.f. 12/08/2008). 1. The word "restrict the conservation corrected as per Erratum Notification No. 1673/Leg.A1/2009/L dt.20/10/2009 in K. G Ext. No. 1926 dt. 20/10/2009. Statement of Objects and Reasons Act 28 of 2008 Till recently, Kuttanad, Palakkad and such other paddy fields of Kerala were remained as the granaries of the State of Kerala. But the situation has changed for the last few decades. There has been an alarming shift from c and subsistence food farming to cash crops. The area under rice cultivation has drastically declined from above eight lakhs hectares in the early 1970s to nearly two lakhs hectares in 2000s mainly due to conversion of paddy lands Kerala is importing more than eighty per cent of its rice requirements from other States. Several social, economical and cultural changes have led to conversion of paddy fields. The paddy fields throughout Kerala is facing severe threats as they are being converted to cash crop plantations. Even the marshes are filled for new constructions. Majority of landowners feel that sustained paddy cultivation is not economically viable and they aspire to shift into more remunerative crops and cropping patterns. Paddy field conversion had led to enormous ecological degradation in the watershed region, reduction in humus formation, intensification of soil erosion that affected the fertility of soil, reduction in water level in wells, ponds etc. The ecological system loses its quality irrecoverably forever and the entire society is the loser. It has led to loss of direct and indirect employment to farm workers and rural women. The rural poor will have to experience acute water shortage than at present. They lost access to nutrient-rich, low cost food matenals, which had been available in and around the paddy fields. Now majority are unaware of the true value of the loss of resources and its consequences on the livelihood conditions and gravity of the problem. It is very haly that the remaining paddy lands would be vanished in the near future, if the present policy is continued. (2) In the wider interest of the society and mankind, paddy lands are to preserved. Paddy is an amphibious crop that can be cultivated along with the maintenance of ecological functions of wetland and hence paddy cultivation is to be prosorved and promoted at any cost (3) Similarly, wetlands are some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth as they have both land and aquatic characteristics. Different plant species of a wetland provide habitat for a variety of animal communities. In addition to CONSERVATION OF PADDY LAND AND WETLAND ACT, 2008

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